Academic Evidence

Our work is supported by a raft of scientific evidence from the world of Psychology and Education. Please find here a short list of some of our key studies, books, journals and evidence. Much of the evidence used during the SEPPT programme can be found here. 

We are adding to this constantly and passionately encourage wider reading:

Key SEPPT Text

Ivtzan, I, Lomas, T, Hefferon,K, Worth, P. (2015) Second Wave Positive Psychology – Embracing the Dark Side of Life. Routledge UK.

Psychology Today article (2016): “Second Wave Positive Psychology: An Introduction. Learning to find the light in the darkness”


Abramson, L., Alloy, L., Hankin, B., Clements, C., Zhu, L., Hogan, M. and Whitehouse, W. (2000). Optimistic cognitive style and invulnerability to depression. In J. Gillham (ed.) The Science of Optimism and Hope (pp. 75 – 98). Philadelphia, PA: Templeton Foundation Press.

Aldrich, R., An Introduction to the History of Education, in Claxton, G. (2008) What’s the Point of School? (p37) UK: Oneworld Publications.

Algoe, S., Haidt, J., & Gable, S. (2008). Beyond reciprocity: Gratitude and relationships in everyday life. Journal of Emotion, Vol 8(3), pp. 425-429.

Andrews, R., & Torgerson.,J et al(2006). The effect of Grammar Teaching on writing development. British Educational Research Journal, 32 (1) pp. 39 – 55

Aronson, J., Fried, C., & Good, C. (2002). Reducing the effects of stereotype threat on African American college students by shaping theories of intelligence. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 38, pp 113–125.

Balchin, T., et al (2008). The Routledge Companion to Gifted Education. London: Routledge.

Bandura, A., & Walters, R. (1963). Social Learning and Personality Development. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.

Bannerman, C., Soafer, J., & Watt, J. (2006). Creative Gliding Space in Navigating the unknown. Middlesex: University Press London.

Bartlett, M., & De Steno, D. (2006). Gratitude and Prosocial Behaviour, Helping when it costs you. Journal of Psychological Science. Boston MA. Vol. 17. No. 4 pp 319-325.

Baumeister, R., Bratslavsky, E., Finkenauer, C., & Vohs, K. (2001). Bad is stronger than good. Review of General Psychology, 5, pp323-370.

Baumeister, R.,et al (2003). Psychological Science in the Public interest, 4, (pp.1 – 44). In G, Claxton. (2008). What’s the point of school? UK: Oneworld Publications.

Baumeister, R., Campbell, J., Krueger, J., & Vohs, K., (2003). Does high self-esteem cause better performance, interpersonal success, happiness or healthier lifestyles? Psychological Science in the Public Interest, 4(1).

Beare, H. (2006). How We envisage Schooling in the 21st Century. London:SSAT.

Beck, A. (1976). Cognitive Therapy and the Emotional Disorders. New York: International Universities Press.

Becker, E. (1973). Denial of Death. New York: Free Press.

Ben-Shahar, Tal. (2007). Happier: Learn the secrets to daily Joy and Lasting Fulfillment. USA: MCGraw Hill Companies. pp 92- 143.

Berridge KC, Kringelbach ML (2008) Affective neuroscience of pleasure: reward in humans and animals. Psychopharm, 199(3):457-80.

Bergson, H. (1956). Laughter, Essay on Comedy, Doubleday and Company Inc. Wylie Sypher, P61.

Berry, D., & Broadbent, D. (1984). On the relationship between task performance and associated verbalized knowledge. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology. 36A, pp. 209 – 31.

Bettenson, H. (2003). The City of God, UK: Penguin.

Birney, R., Burdick, H., & Teevan, R. (1969). Fear of Failure. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold.

Biswas-Diener,R. (2012). The Courage Quotient. San Fransisco:Jossey-Bass – A Wiley Imprint.

Blackmore, S. (1999). The Meme Machine. UK: Oxford University Press.

Blakemore, S., & Frith,U. (2005). The Learning Brain. USA: Blakewell Publishing.

Blackwell,L., Trzesniewski,K., & Dweck,C. (2007). Implicit theories of intelligence
predict achievement across an adolescent transition: A longitudinal study and intervention. Journal of Child Development, 78, pp 246–263.

Block, J.H., & Block, J. (1980). The role of ego-control and ego –resiliency in the organization of behaviour. In W.A. Collins (Ed), Minnesota symposia on child psychology (Vol. 13, pp. 39 – 101). Hillsdale, NJ:Erlbaum.

Blum ,J. (1978). Pseudoscience and mental ability: The Origins and Fallacies of the IQ controversy. New York: Monthly Review Press.

Boaler, J.(1997). When even the winners are losers: evaluating the experience of ‘top set’ students. Journal of Curriculum Studies, 29 (2) pp. 165-182.

Boniwell, I. (2006) Positive Psychology in a Nutshell, A Balanced introduction to the science of optimal functioning. UK: PWBC.

Bourdieu, P. (1992). Outline of a Theory of Practice, Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.

Bowlby, J. (2005). A Secure Base: Clinical Applications of Attachment Theory, UK, USA & Canada: Routledge.

Brennan, D. and Wildflower, L. (2010). “Ethics in coaching” in Cox, Bachkirova and Clutterbuck (eds) The complete handbook of coaching. London: Sage.

Brickman , P., & Campbell, D. (1971). Hedonic relativism and planning the good society. In M. Appley (ed). Adaption-level Theory (pp 287–305). New York: Academic Press.

Brickamn, P., Coates, D., & Janoff –Bulman, R. (1978). Lottery winners and accident victims: Is happiness relative?  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 36, pp. 917–927.

Brighouse, T. (2006). Essential pieces, the jigsaw of a successful school, UK: Research Machines plc.

Brighouse, T., (2006). How successful head teachers survive and thrive, Four phases of headship, Five uses of time, Six essential tasks and seven ways to hold onto your sanity. UK: Research Machines plc. Copyright Tim Brighouse.

Briner, R., & Dewberry, C. (2007). Staff well being is key to school success. UK: Department.

Bristow, M., Ireson, G., & Coleman,A. (2007). A life in the day of a head teacher, A study of practice and well-being. The Practitioner Report, UK: National college for school leadership.

Bronson, P. (2007). How not to talk to your kids. USA: New York Magazine, 20/02/2007.

Brown, B. (2007) I Thought It Was Just Me (but it isn’t): Telling the Truth About Perfectionism, inadequacy and Power. New York: Penguin/Gotham books.

Brown, B. (2010). The Gift Of imperfection – Let Go Of Who You’re Supposed To Be And Embrace Who You Are. USA. Hazeldon.

Burgdorf  J, Panksepp J (2006) The neurobiology of positive emotions. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 30: 173–187.

Burton, N., (2010) The Art of Failure, The Anti Self Help Guide, UK: Acheron Press.

Buss, D. (2000). The Evolution Of Happiness. American Psychologist 55: pp.15–23.

Cameron, K,. Dutton, J., and Quinn, R. (Eds). (2003). Positive Organizational Scholarship: Foundations of a New Discipline. San Fransisco: Berrett – Koehler.

Cameron, K., Bright, D., and Caza, A. (2004). Exploring the relationships between organizational virtuousness and performance. American Behavioural Scientist. 47 (6) : 766 – 790

Carr, A., & Wilde, G. (1988). Effects of actual and potential stressor control on physiological and self- reported stress responses. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology 6 (3 / 4): pp. 371-87.

Carr, A. (2004). Positive Psychology: The science of happiness and Human strengths. USA, UK & Canada: Routledge.

Carr, M. (2000). Assessment in Early Childhood Settings: Learning Stories. London: Paul Chapman.

Carver, C.S., & Scheier, M. (2002). Three human strengths. In L. Aspinwall & U. Staudinger (Eds), A psychology of human strengths (pp. 87 – 102). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Charney DS (2004) Psychobiological mechanisms of resilience and vulnerability: implications for successful adaptation to extreme stress. Am J Psychiatry, 161:195–216).

Clark, A., & Karmiloff–Smith, A.(1993). 8, (4) The cognizer’s innards: a psychological and philosophical perspective on the development of thought. Mind and Language, pp. 487–519.

Claxton, G. (2008). What’s the Point of School? UK: Oneworld Publications.

Clifton, D.O., & Harter, J.K. (2003). Investing in Strengths. In A. K.S. Cameron, B. J.E. Dutton, & C. R.E. Quinn (Eds.), Positive Organizational Scholarship (pp. 111-121). San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler Publishers, Inc

Clifton, D., & Nelson, P. (1992). Soar With Your Strengths. New York. Dell.

Coffield, F,. Moseley, D et al (2004). Learning styles and pedagogy in post 16 learning: a systematic and critical review. UK: Learning and Skills Research Centre.

Cole, D., Maxwell, S., & Martin, J.(1997). Reflected self-appraisals: Strength and structure of the relation of teacher, peer, and parent ratings to children’s self-perceived competencies. Journal of Educational Psychology, Vol 89(1), pp. 55-70.

Collishaw, S., Maughan, B., Goodman, R., & Pickles, A. (2004). Time trends in adolescent mental health. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. 45 (8). pp. 1350–62.

Connors, J., Maisto, S. and Zywiak (1998). Male and Female Alcoholics, Attributions Regarding the Onset and Termination of Relapses and the Maintenance of Abstinence. Journal of Substance Abuse, 10. No. 1 27 – 42.

Costa, A., & Kallick, B. (2000). Discovering and Exploring Habits of Mind. Vancouver: Association for supervision and Curriculum Development.

Covington, M. (1992). Making the Grade: A self-worth perspective on motivation and school reform. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Covington, M., & Amelich, C. (1979). Effort: The double-edged sword in school achievement. Journal of Educational Psychology, 71, pp. 169–182.

Craig, C. (2007). The potential dangers of a systematic, explicit approach to teaching social and emotional skills (SEAL). Centre for Confidence and Well Being.

Craig, C. (2009). Lecture at The University Of East London.

Crooker, J., & Park, L. (2004). The Costly Pursuit of Self Esteem. Psychological Bulletin. 130: pp. 392–414.

Csikszentmihayli, M.(1992). Flow – The classic work on how to achieve happiness USA: Harper and Row.

Dawkins, R. (1996). The Selfish Gene. UK: Oxford University Press.

Deakin- Crick, R., Broadfoot, P., & Claxton, G. (2004). Developing an effective lifelong learning inventory: The ELLI Project. Assessment in Education. 11 (3), pp. 247-72.

Department for Education and Skills. (2007). Social and Emotional Aspects of Learning for Secondary Schools (SEAL): Guidance booklet.

Department for Children, Schools and Families. (2008). SFR 10/2008.School
workforce in England.

Delle Fave, A., & Massimini, F. (2003). Optimal experience in work and leisure among teachers and physicians: individual and bio-cultural implications. Leisure Studies, 22, pp 323-342.

Dewey, J. (1933). How we think. Boston, D. C.: Heath & Co.

Diener, E. (2003). What is positive about positive psychology: the Curmudgeon and Pollyana. Journal of Psychological Inquiry, 14, 115 – 120, p 117.

Diener, M.L., & Lucas, R. E. (2004). Adults’ desires for children’s emotions across 48 countries: Associations with individual and national characteristics. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 35(5), 525 -547

Dillon, J. (1990). The Practice of Questioning. London:Routledge.

Drugan, R. (2000). The neurochemistry of stress resilience and coping: a quest for natures own antidote to illness. In J. Gillham (ed). The Science of Optimism and Hope (pp. 57 – 71). Philadelphia, PA: Templeton Foundation Press.

Duckworth, A., & Seligmann, M.(2005). Self-Discipline outdoes IQ in predicting academic performance of adolescents. Journal of Psychological Science. 16 (12), pp. 939–44.

Dunn, J.,& Schweitzer, M. (2005). Feeling and Believing: The Influence of Emotion on Trust. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. Vol 88(5). pp. 736-748.

Dweck, C. (1999). Self theories: Their role in Motivation, Personality and Development. London: Psychology Press.

Dweck, C. (2007). Mindset: The New Psychology of Success. New York: Ballantine Books.

Dweck, C. (2010). Mindsets and equitable education. Principal leadership,

Ehrenreich, B. (2009). Brightsided: How The Relentless Promotion of Positive Thinking Has Undermined America. New York: Metropolitan Books.

Elliot, A., & Dweck, C.(2005). Handbook of Competence and Motivation. New York: Guildford Press.

Ellis, A., & Harper, R. (1975). A New Guide to Rational Living. North Hollywood, CA: Wiltshire.

Entwistle, N. (1990). Styles of Learning and Teaching. New York: Beekman Books.

Festinger, L. (1957). A Theory of Cognitive Dissonance.USA: Stanford University Press.

Fitzpatrick, D., In R, Jones (1995). Smart brains: neuroscientists explain the mystery of what makes us human. American School Board Journal, 182 (11), pp. 22 – 26.

Fowers, B. J. (2005). Virtue and psychology: Pursuing excellence in ordinary practices. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Friedrick, S., & Lowenstein, G. (1999). Hedonic adaptation. In E Kahneman, E. Diener and N. Scwartz (eds), Well-being: The Foundations of Hedonic Psychology. (pp. 302 – 29). New York: Russel Sage Foundation.

Fredrickson, B., & Losada, M. (2005). Positive affect and the complex dynamics of human flourishing. American Psychologist, 60, pp 678 -686.

Frome, P., & Eccles, J. (1998). Parents influence on children’s achievement-related perceptions. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 74, pp. 435 – 52.

Gardener, H. (1983/1993). Frames of Mind: Theory of Multiple Intelligences. New York: Basic Books.

Gardener, H. ( 2000). Intelligence Reframed: Multiple intelligence’s for the 21st century. New York: Basic Books.

Garmezy, N. (1991). Resilience in children’s adaptation to negative life events and stressed environments. Pediatric Annals, 20, 459 – 466.

Gerhardt, S. (2010). The Selfish Society: How we all forgot to love oneanother and made money instead. UK: Simon and Schuster ltd.

Gibbs, N. (1995). The EQ factor: new brain research suggests that emotions, not IQ, may be the true measure of human intelligence. USA:Time Magazine.

Gilbert, J. (2005). Catching the Knowledge Wave? The Knowledge Society and the Future of Education. Wellington: New Zealand Council for Educational Research Press.

Gillham, J.(2000). The Science of Optimism and Hope. Philadelphia, PA: Templeton Foundation Press.

Good,C.,Aronson,J.,&Inzlicht,M.(2003).Improving adolescents’ standardized test performance: An intervention to reduce the effects of stereotype threat. Applied Developmental Psychology, 24, pp 645–662.

Goleman, D. (1996). Emotional Intelligence: Why it can Matter More than IQ. London: Bloomsbury Publishing.

Gough, H. (1991). Scales and Combinations of Scales: What do they tell us and what do they mean? Paper presented at the 99th Annual convention of the American Psychological Assocation, San Fransisco, August 1991, Data obtained by Twenge, J,. in 2001.

Gollwitzer, P., & Wicklund, R. (1985). The pursuit of self-defining goals. In J. Khul and J. Beckmann (Eds.),Action control: From cognition to behaviour, pp. 61 – 85. Heidelberg: Springer –Verlag.

Graham, S. (1991). Communicating Low ability in the classroom: Bad things good teachers sometimes do. In S. Graham and V. Folkes (Eds), Attribution theory: Applications to achievevment, mental health and interpersonal conflict. (pp. 17 – 36) NJ: Hillsdale, Erlbaum.

Gray, J.R., Braver, T.S., & Raichle , M.E.(2002). Integration of emotion and cognition in the lateral prefrontal cortex. PNAS, 99(6), 4115 – 4120.

Hadot, P. (2002). What is Ancient Philosophy? Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Greene, R.R. (2003). Resilience theory: theoretical and professional conceptualizations. Journal of Human Behaviour in the Social Environment, 8 (4), 75 – 91.

Haidt, J.(2006). The Happiness Hypothesis. USA: Basic Books.

Hargreaves, D. (2004). About Learning: Report of The Learning Working Group. London: Demos.

Hampden-Turner, C. and Trompenaars, A. (1993). The seven cultures of capitalism. London: Piatkus.

Hebb, D. (1949). The Organization of behaviour. New York: Wiley.
A more recent exposition can be found in; Spitzer, M. (1999). The Mind Within the Net, Cambridge MA: MIT Press.

Hewitt, J.(1998). The Myth of Self Esteem. New York: St Martins Press. p51.

Hofstede, G. (1980). Culture’s consequences: International differences in work-related values. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.

Holloway, S.(1988). Concepts of Ability and Effort in Japan and the United States. Review of Educational Research. Vol. 58. No 3. Pp. 327 -345.

House of Commons Children, Schools and Families Committee. (2008). Testing and Assessment. Third Report of Session 2007-08. Vol I. (HC 169-1). House of
Commons, London. The Stationery Office Ltd.

Irvine, M. (2005). Young labeled ‘Entitlement Generation’. AP June 2005 in Twenge, J. (2006) .Generation Me.New York: Free Press, a division of Simon and Schuster Inc.

James, W. (1880). Great Men, Great Thoughts, and the Environment. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.

Jaycox, L., Seligmann, M., Reivich, K., & Gillham, J. (1994). Prevention of depressive symptoms in school children. Behaviour research and therapy 32: pp. 374 – 60.

Johnson, S. (2010). Where Good Ideas Come From –The Natural History of Innovation. UK: Allen Lane.

Joseph, S,. & Linley,P. (2005). Positive Adjustment to Threatening Events: An Organismic Valuing Theory of Growth Through Adversity; Review of General Psychology, Vol 9(3), pp. 262-280.

Joseph, S., & Linley, P. A. (2005). Positive Adjustment to Threatening Events: An Organismic Valuing Theory of Growth Through Adversity. Review of General Psychology, 9(3), 262-280.

Joseph, S,. & Linley, P. (2005). The Human Capacity for Growth Through Adversity: American Psychologist, Vol 60(3), pp. 262-264.

Joseph, S., & Linely, A. (2008). Trauma, Recovery and Growth, Positive psychological perspectives on post traumatic stress. UK:John Wiley and sons.

Kagen, J. (1994). Galen’s Prophecy: Temprement in Human Nature. New York: Basic Books.

Kanner , A., & Gomes, M. (1995). The all-consuming self. In T. Roszak, M.E Gomes and A. D Kanner (Eds), Ecopsychology: restoring the Earth, healing the mind (pp. 77 – 91). San Francisco: Sierra Club Books.

Kasala ER, Bodduluru LN, Maneti Y, Thipparaboina R (2014) Effect of meditation on neurophysiological changes in stress mediated depression. Complimentary Therapies in Clinical Practice 20: 74-80.

Kasser, T. (2002). The High Price of Materialism. Cambridge MA: MIT Press.

Kashdan, T. (2009). Curious? Discover the missing ingredient to a fulfilling life. New York: Morrow.

Kernis, M., & Paradise, A. (2002). Distinguishing between secure and fragile forms of high self-esteem. In Deci, E., and Ryan, R. Handbook of self-determination research, pp.339 – 360. New York, Rochester: University of Rochester Press.

Kohut, H. (1971). The analysis of the self. New York: International Universities Press.

Kramer, R. (1991). Ed School Follies: The Mis-education of America’s Teachers. New York:Free Press. p 33.

Kringelbach ML (2009) The Pleasure Center: Trust Your Animal Instincts. OUP.

Kringelbach ML, Berridge KC (2009) Pleasures of the Brain (Series in Affective Science). OUP

Kringelbach ML, Berridge KC (2009) Towards a functional neuroanatomy of pleasure and happiness. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 13(11): 479-87.

Kringelbach ML, Berridge KC (2010) The functional neuroanatomy of pleasure and happiness. Discovery Medicine, 9(49): 579-87. This is a slightly re-edited version of the above paper for this online journal:

Kumar, S., & Jagacinski, C. (2006). Imposters have goals too: the imposter phenomenon and its relationship to achievement goal theory. Personality and Individual Differences, 40, pp. 147–157.

Langer, E. (1975). The illusion of control. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 32: pp. 311 – 28.

Law, H. C. (2013). Developing a Universal Integrative Framework for Coaching and Mentoring. In H Law, The Psychology of Coaching, Mentoring and Learning, Second Edition. John Wiley & Sons.

Le Doux, J. (1999). The Emotional Brain. London: Phoenix.

Lepper, M., & Greene, D.(1988). The Hidden Cost of Reward. New Jersey:Lawrence Erlbaum.

Lewis, S. (2011). Positive Psychology at Work: How Positive Leadership and Appreciative Inquiry Create Inspiring Organizations. Chichester: Wiley & Blackwell.

Liddle, P.(2001). Disordered Mind and Brain. London:Gaskell.

Linely, A. (2008). Average to A* – Realising strengths in yourself and others. UK: CAPP press.

Lutherans, F., Youssef, C., and Avolio, B. (2007). Psychological Capital: Developing The Human Capital Edge. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Maddi, S.R.(2006). Hardiness: The courage to grow from stresses. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 1 (3), pp 160 – 168.

Mahonney, M. (1991). Human Change Processes: The Scientific Foundation of Psychotherapy. New York: Basic Books.

Marley, D. (2009). Five fold leap in the number of heads sacked. The Times Education Suppliment, Section 2. 6/4/09.

Martin P (2008) Sex, Drugs and Chocolate: The Science of Pleasure. Fourth Estate.

Marshall, H. (1990) Beyond the workplace metaphor: The Classroom as a learning setting. Theory into Practice. USA: Taylor and Francis ltd.

Maslow, A.H. (1965). Eupsychian management: A journal. New York: Richard D. Irwin.

Maslow, A.H. (1987). Motivation and personality (3rd ed.). New York: Harper Collins.

Matlin, M., & Stang, D. (1978). The Pollyana Principle. Cambridge, MA: Schenkman.

Matthews, G., Zeidner, M., & Roberts, R. (2004). Emotional Intelligence: Science and Myth, Cambridge, USA: MIT Press.

Mayer, J., & Salovey, P., et al. (1990). Perceiving affective content in ambiguous visual stimuli: a component of emotional intelligence. Journal of Personality Assessment 54: pp. 772 – 81.

Mayer, J., (1999). Emotional intelligence: popular or scientific psychology? in Monitor on Psychology, September, American Psychological Association
Sternberg (ed.), Handbook of Intelligence. pp 396-420, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Mayer, J.D., Caruso, D., & Salovey, P. (2002). Emotional Intelligence and Emotional Leadership. in R. Riggio & S. Murphy (Eds.), Multiple Intelligence’s and Leadership. Mahaw, NJ: Erlbaum.

Mc William, E. (2002). How to Survive Best Practice. Sydney: University of New South Wales Press.

Meadows, S. (2006). The Child as a Thinker. London: Routledge.

Mennand, L. (2002). The Genius of Statistics, The Metaphysical Club: A Story of Ideas in America, as found in Schulz, K. (2010) Being Wrong, Adventures In The Margin Of Error. UK: Portobello books.

Michalos, A. (1985). Multiple discrepancies theory (MDT). Social Indicators Research 16: pp. 347 – 413.

Miller, A. (1981). The drama of the gifted child. New York: Basic Books.

Mueller,C.M.,&Dweck,C.S.(1998). Intelligence praise can undermine motivation and performance. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 75, pp 33–52.

Miller, E.D.(2003). Reconceptualizing the role of resiliency in coping and therapy. Journal of Loss and Trauma, 8, 239 – 246.

Myers, D. (1992). The Pursuit of Happiness. New York: Morrow.

Newsom, C., et al (2003). Changes in adolescent Response Patterns on the MMPI/MMPI-A Across Four Decades. Journal of Personality Assessment, 81: pp. 74 – 84.

Nickerson, R., (1998). Conformation Bias: A ubiquitous Phenomenon in many guises. Review of General Psychology, 2, pp. 175–220.

Obama, B. (2011) Fixing no child left behind. Accessed 2016, Found at;

O’Connor, R., & Sheehy, N. (2000).Understanding Suicidal Behaviour. London: British Psychological Society.

Park, N, & Peterson, C. (2006). Character strengths and happiness among young children: Content analysis of parental descriptions. Journal of Happiness, Studies 7 (3), 323 -341.

Parrott, A. (2007). The psychotherapeutic potential of MDMA (3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine): an evidence-based review.  Psychopharmacology, 191(2):181-93.

Passmore, J. (2005). The heart of coaching: A coaching model for managers. The Coaching Psychologist 1(2), 6-9.

Passmore, J. and Mortimer, L. (2011). “Ethics in coaching” in Hernez-Broome and Boyce (eds) Advancing executive coaching: Setting the course for successful leadership coaching. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Paul, A. (1999). Promotional Intelligence. The article can be found at

Perkins, D. (1985). Post Primary Education has little impact on informal reasoning. Journal of Educational Psychology , 77 (5), pp. 562–71.

Perkins, D., Jay, E., & Tishman, S. (1993). New conceptions of thinking: from ontology to education. Educational Psychologist, 28 (1), pp. 67–85.

Peterson, C., & Barret, L. (1987). Explanatory style and academic performance among university freshmen, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 53: pp. 603 – 7.

Peterson, C., & Seligmann, M. (2004). Character strengths and virtues: A handbook and classification. New York: Oxford University Press.

Peterson, C. (2000). The future of optimism. American Psychologist 55: pp. 44 – 55.

Phillips, M. (1998). All Must Have Prizes. London: Little Brown. p12.

Phillips, H (2003) The pleasure seekers. New Scientist, 2416.

Pinel, J.P.J. (2009) Biopsychology, 7th Edition Allyn & Bacon. Or other Biopsychology/Physiological Psychology & Psychopharmacology/Drugs books in the UEL library.

Plato. (2000). The Republic. USA: New York.

Plato. (1987) ‘Laches’ in M. Adler (Series Ed), Great books of the western world.Vol. 7. Plato (J. Harward Benjamin Jowett, Trans.). Chicago:Encyclopedia Britanica.
Pollack, S. (2005). Quoted by, Ravilious, K, Lack of cuddles in infancy may affect development in the brain. 22/11/05

Pricewaterhouse Coopers LLP. (2001). Teacher Workload Study – Extracts from the Pricewaterhouse Coopers Interim Report. UK: DfES Publications

Pricewaterhouse Coopers LLP.(2007). Independent study into school leadership, RB818, UK: DfES Publications.

Pury, C.L.S., & Kowalski, R. M. (2007). Human strengths, courageous actions, and general and personal courage. Journal of Positive Psychology, 2(2), 120 – 128.

Resnick, L. (1999). Education Week Century Series, ‘Making America Smarter’ 18 (40), pp. 38 – 40.

Rhodewalt, F. (1994). Conceptions of ability, achievement goals and individual differences in self handicapping behaviour: On the application of implicit theories. Journal of Personality, 62, pp. 67 – 85.

Richardson, H. (2011). Parents Invited to Rate Schools. BBC News. 18/4/11.

Richardson, K. (1999). The Making of Intelligence. London: Weidenfeld and Nicholson.

Ritchhart, R. (2002). Intellectual Character: What It Is, Why It Matters and how to get it. San Fransisco: Jossey-Bass.

Robbins, B. & Friedman, H. (2011) Resiliency as a virtue: Contributions from Humanistic and Positive Psychology. In Continuity versus Creative Response to Challenge: The Primacy of Resilience and Resourcefulness in Life and Therapy. USA: Nova Publishers.

Robinson, K. (2001). Out of Our Minds – Learning to be Creative. Sussex: Capstone Publishing Limited.

Robinson, K., & Aronica, L. (2009). The Element – How finding your passion changes everything. USA & UK: Penguin Books Ltd.

Rosenburg, M. (1965). Society and the adolescent self-image. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Rosenberg, S., & Hastings, P. (2003). Microbiology and Evolution: Modulating Mutation Rates in the Wild, Science Signaling 300, no 5624:1382.

Rowling, J. (2008) Address to Harvard Graduates. The Fringe benefits of failure.

Rosinski, P.  (2003). Coaching Across Cultures, London: Nicolas Brealey Publishing.

Rozin, P., & Royzman, E. (2001). Negativity Bias, negativity dominance, and contagion. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 5, pp 296 – 320.

Rutter, M. (1994). Resilience: some conceptual considerations. Contemporary Paediatrics 11: pp. 36 – 48.

Ryan, R., & Deci, E. (1985) Self-determination Theory and the facilitation of intrinsic motivation, social development and well-being. American Psychologist 55: pp. 68 – 78.

Ryan, R., & Deci, E. (2000). The ‘what’ and ‘why’ of goal pursuits: Human needs and
the self-determination of behavior . Psychological Inquiry. 11 (4), 227.

Sartor, D.C. (2003). Psychotherapy, contemplative spirituality, and the experience of Divine Mercy. Journal of Happiness Studies, 7. pp377 – 395.

Scheier, M., & Carver, C. (1985). Optimism, coping and health: assessment and implications of generalized outcome expectancies. Journal of Health Psychology, 4: pp. 219 – 47.

Scheier, M., Carver, C., & Bridges, M. (2000). Optimism, Pessimism and Psychological Well Being. In E. Chang (ed), Optimism and Pessimism: Theory, Research and Practice. Washington DC: American Psychological Association.

Schulz, K. (2010). Being Wrong, Adventures In The Margin Of Error. USA: Portobello Books.

Schwartz, B., & Sharpe, K.E. (2005). Practical wisdom: Aristotle meets positive psychology. Journal of Happiness Studies, 7, pp377 – 395.

Scott, J. (2007). The Effect Of Perfectionism and Unconditional Self – Acceptance on Depression, Journal of Rational- Emotive and Cognitive-behavior therapy 25. No 1.
Seligmann, M. (1998). Learned Optimism: How to Change Your Mind and Your Life. New York: Pocket Books.

Seligman, M. (2011) Flourish, A New Understanding of Happiness and Well-Being – and How To Achieve Them. USA: Nicholas Brealey Publishing.

Seligmann, M. (2003) Authentic Happiness, Using the new Positive Psychology to Realize your potential for lasting fulfillment. UK: Nicholas Brealey Publishing. P 217.

Sheldon, K., & Elliot, A. (1999). Goal striving, need satisfaction, and longitudinal well-being: The self-concordance model. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 76, pp 482 – 497.

Slater, L.(2002). The trouble with self-esteem. New York Times.

Smiley, P., & Dweck, C. (1994). Individual differences in achievement goals among young children. Journal of Child Development, 65, pp. 1723–43.

Snyder, C. (2000). The handbook of hope. Orlando FL: Academic Press.

Stahl, S. (2008). Stahl’s Essential Psychopharmacology: Neuroscientific Basis and Practical Applications. Cambridge.

Sternberg, R. (2005). Intelligence, Competence and Expertise, In Elliot, A., & Dweck, C., (2005) Handbook of Competence and Motivation, New York: Guildford Press. pp. 15 – 27.

Stewart, W. (2009). From zero to hero and back again. The Times Education supplement, Section 2, Page 3. 6/4/09.

Stigler, M. (1990). History of Statistics: The Measurement of Uncertainty Before 1900, UK: Harvard University Press, pp 31 – 38 and 109 – 148

Stout, M. (2000). The Feel Good Curriculum. Cambridge MA: Perseus Books. P263.

Sue, D. and Sue, D.W. (1990). Counselling the culturally different. New York: Wiley.

Sykes, C. (1996). Dumbing Down Our Kids: Why American Children Feel Good About Themselves But Can’t Read, Write, or Add. USA: St Martin’s Griffin.

Taylor, C., Bandura, A., Cioffi,D., Barr, B., & Mary, E.(1988). Percieved self efficacy in coping with cognitive stressors and opioid activation. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. Vol 55(3), pp. 479-488.

Taylor, S.(1989). Positive Illusions: Creative self–deception and the Healthy Mind. New York: Basic Books.

Taylor, S., & Brown, J. (1988). Illusion and well being: a social- psychological perspective on mental health. Psychological Bulletin 103: pp. 193 – 210.

Taylor, S., & Brown, J. (1994). Positive Illusions and well- being revisited: separating fact from fiction. Psychological Bulletin 116: pp. 21 – 7.

Tavris, C., & Aronson, E.(2008). Mistakes Were Made (But not by me). UK: Pinter and Martin Ltd.

Tesser, A. (2000). On the confluence of self-esteem maintenance mechanisms. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 4, pp. 290 – 299.

Tetlock, P. (1985). Accountability: a social check on the fundamental attribution error, Social Psychology Quarterly, 48 (3) pp. 227 – 36.

The Independent Newspaper. (2006). Illiterate pupils cost £10 billion a year, warn business. 21/08/06 in, Claxton, G. (2008) What’s the Point of School? UK: Oneworld Publications.

The Times Educational Supplement. (2006). Maths Dumbded down at GCSE, 24/2/06. In, Claxton, G. (2008) What’s the Point of School? UK: Oneworld Publications.

The Times Education Supplement. (2006). One in six admit to cheating, 17/3/06 F, Furedi. In, Claxton, G. (2008) What’s the Point of School? UK: Oneworld Publications.

The Times Education Supplement. (2006). Test Chief’s reject plan to spot A Level stars at 11, 3/3/06

The Times Educational Supplement. (2006). Testing dumbes down learning, 24/2/06 D, Williams. In, Claxton, G. (2008) What’s the Point of School? UK: Oneworld Publications.

The Guardian. (2006). What’s Wrong With Cheats? ,28/3/06. F, Furedi. In, Claxton, G. (2008) What’s the Point of School? UK: Oneworld Publications.

The Guardian. (2007). Mc Culloch, A. British Children Poorer, at greater risk and more insecure. 15/2/2007.

The Guardian. (2004). New Economics Foundation report. 27/4/07

The Observer. (2006) Boston, K. Exam strain on schools too great, 26/32006

Thurman, R.A.E.(2005). A Buddhist view of the skill of happiness. Advances in Mind-Body Medicin, 21 (3-4), 29 – 32

Tops M, Russo S, Boksem MAS, Tucker DM (2009) Serotonin: modulator of a drive to withdraw. Brain and Cognition (Epub available on ScienceDirect).

Tiger, L. (1979). Optimism: the biology of hope. New York: Simon and Schuster.

Twenge, J. (2006). Generation Me. New York: Free Press, a division of Simon and Schuster Inc.

Van Nieuwerburgh, C. (2014). An Introduction to Coaching Skills: A Practical Guide. London: Sage.

Vonnegut, K. (1992). Mother Night. New York: Vintage.

Weare, K. (2004). Developing the Emotionally Literate School. London: Paul Chapman Publishing.

Weare, K., & Gray, G.(2003). What works in developing children’s emotional and social competence and well-being? University of Southampton: Department for Education and Skills Publications, Research Report 456.

Wegela, K.K. (2009). The courage to be present: Buddhism, psychotherapy, and the awakening of natural wisdom. Boston, MA: Shambhala Publications.

Weinberg, D. et al, (2007) Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, reviewed in The Psychologist, 20 (8), p. 461.

Weick, K. (2006). The Role of Values In High Risk Organizations. In E. Hess and K. Cameron (Eds), Leading With Values: Positivity, Virtue and High Performance. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Weick, K., & Sutcliffe, K. (2007). Managing the Unexpected:Resilient Performance in an Age of Uncertainty. San Fransisco: Jossey –Bass.

Western, D., Kilts, C., et al (2006). The Neural Basis of Motivated Reasoning: An fMRI Study of Emotional Constraints on Political Judgment During the US Presidential Election of 2004. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 18, pp. 1947 – 1958.

William’s, P. & Anderson, S.K. (2005). Law Ethics Coaching: How to Solve and Avoid Difficult Problems in Your Practice. John Wiley & Sons

William, D. (2007). Content then process: teacher learning communities in the service of formative assessment. In D.B Reeves (ed) Ahead of the curve: The power of assessment to transform teaching and learning. Solution Tree: Bloomington, IN pp. 183 – 204, 97.

Winograd, E., & Neisser, U. (1991). Phantom Flashbulbs: False Recollections of Hearing the News about Challenger, affect and accuracy in recall, Cambridge university press 9 – 31. The Science of Pleasure @ – list of links to articles and papers on related topics (including access to Berridge & Kringlebach, 2008). Last accessed Sept. 2009.

White, J. (2006). Intelligence, Destiny and Education. London: Routledge.

Wood, J. (1996). What is social comparison and how should we study it? Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 22: pp. 520 -37.

Yankelovich, D., & Furth, I. (2005). The Role of Colleges in an Era of Mistrust. The Chronicle of Higher Education, pp. B8 – B11.

Younger J, Aron A, Parke S, Chatterjee N, Mackey S (2010) Viewing Pictures of a Romantic Partner Reduces Experimental Pain: Involvement of Neural Reward Systems. PloSOne, 5(10), e13309.

Zahavi. A., & Zahavi, A. (1997). The handicap Principle. New York: Oxford University Press.